Ammoxidation of Propane over Antimony-Vanadium-Oxide Catalysts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Catalysts belonging to the Sb-V-O system were prepared with various Sb/V ratios and were used for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile. XRD patterns of freshly prepared samples show those with excess vanadia to consist of V2O5 and SbVO4, while SbVO4 and α-Sb2O4 are constituents in the samples with a Sb/V ratio above unity. High rate and selectivity for propylene formation at low conversion are characteristic for samples with excess vanadia and considering XRD, Raman, infrared, and XPS results, this is explained by formation of amorphous vanadia spread over the surface of SbVO4. Catalysts with both α-Sb2O4 and SbVO4 phases are the most selective for acrylonitrile formation, a function that is linked to their ability to selectively transform intermediate propylene. XPS data suggest this function to be associated with the formation of suprasurface antimony sites on SbVO4 as a result of migration of antimony from α-Sb2O4 during the catalytic process. Raman and infrared spectral features revealed that compared with SbVO4, the samples with both α-Sb2O4 and SbVO4 are more efficiently reoxidised during propane ammoxidation. Rate dependences on the partial pressures of reactants over a sample with excess α-Sb2O4 show that the adsorption of propane is the rate limiting step for propylene formation, and that acrylonitrile and carbon oxides are predominantly formed from the intermediate propylene in routes comprising nonequilibrated steps. Addition of water vapour results in an increase of rate and selectivity for acrylonitrile formation. The kinetic dependences indicate that for acrylonitrile formation it is advantageous to have a feed rich in propane and to use recirculation for obtaining high productivity.

Details

Authors
  • Roland Nilsson
  • Thomas Lindblad
  • Arne Andersson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-513
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume148
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Chemical Engineering (011001014), Inorganic chemistry (ceased) (LUR000010)

Related research output

Roland Nilsson, 1997, 147 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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