Amphiphilic polymer gel electrolytes. I. Preparation of gels based on poly(ethylene oxide) graft copolymers containing different ionophobic groups

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Abstract

Amphiphilic graft copolymers were prepared via the radical copolymerization of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) macromonomers with fluorocarbon or hydrocarbon acrylates in toluene with 2,2 ' -azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as an initiator. H-1 NMR spectroscopy confirmed that the composition of the graft copolymers corresponded well to the monomer feed. For gel electrolytes prepared from the amphiphilic copolymers, the nature of the ionophobic parts of the amphiphilic graft copolymers had a great influence on the ion conductivity. Gel electrolytes based on graft copolymers containing fluorocarbon side chains showed significantly higher ion conductivity than electrolytes based on graft copolymers containing hydrocarbon groups. The ambient-temperature ion conductivity was about 2.6 mS/cm at 20 degreesC for a gel electrolyte based on an amphiphilic graft copolymer consisting of an acrylate backbone carrying PEO and fluorocarbon side chains. Corresponding gels based on graft copolymers with PEO side chains and hydrocarbon groups showed an ambient-temperature ion conductivity of about 1.2 mS/cm. The gel electrolytes contained 30 wt % copolymer and 70 wt % 1 M LiPF6 in an ethylene carbonate/gamma -butyrolactone (2/1 w/w) mixture.

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  • Chemical Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2223-2232
JournalJournal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry
Volume39
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)