An analysis of the implementation of laws with regard to female genital mutilation in Europe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper presents results of a survey on legislation regarding female genital mutilation in 15 European member states, as well as the results of a comparative analysis of the implementation of these laws in Belgium, France, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The research showed that although both criminal laws and child protection laws are implemented a number of difficulties with the implementation of these laws remain. The article suggests that efforts should primarily focus on child protection measures, but also on developing implementation strategies for criminal laws, and concludes with suggestions to overcome the obstructing factors to implement laws applicable to FGM in Europe.


  • Els Leye
  • Jessika Deblonde
  • Jose Garcia-Anon
  • Sara Johnsdotter Carlbom
  • Adwoa Kwateng-Kluvitse
  • Linda Weil-Curiel
  • Marleen Temmerman
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social Anthropology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-31
JournalCrime, Law and Social Change
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch