An efficient screening procedure detecting six novel mutations in the LDL receptor gene in Swedish children with hypercholesterolemia

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T1 - An efficient screening procedure detecting six novel mutations in the LDL receptor gene in Swedish children with hypercholesterolemia

AU - Ekström, Ulf

AU - Abrahamson, Magnus

AU - Sveger, Tomas

AU - Lombardi, Paola

AU - Nilsson-Ehle, Peter

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal semi-dominant disorder caused by defects in the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene and is a well-documented risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. The LDLR genes of five Swedish children with FH were examined in this study. Initial mutation screening was performed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) with enzymatically amplified exon-sized fragments, each containing a tailing GC-rich requence. The GC-clamped fragments had been synthesized with a restriction site adjacent to the intron-corresponding sequence to allow detachment of the clamps, thereby rendering the fragments suitable for subsequent analysis by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of samples from patients with no DGGE-detectable mutations. In addition, all the LDLR genes of the patients were screened for large alterations by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Following this strategy, seven different, potentially disease-causing mutations were detected in the five children with FH. Six of the alterations, five single-base substitutions and one dinucleotide deletion, have not previously been described. DGGE detected six of the mutations and SSCP the seventh.

AB - Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal semi-dominant disorder caused by defects in the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene and is a well-documented risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. The LDLR genes of five Swedish children with FH were examined in this study. Initial mutation screening was performed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) with enzymatically amplified exon-sized fragments, each containing a tailing GC-rich requence. The GC-clamped fragments had been synthesized with a restriction site adjacent to the intron-corresponding sequence to allow detachment of the clamps, thereby rendering the fragments suitable for subsequent analysis by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of samples from patients with no DGGE-detectable mutations. In addition, all the LDLR genes of the patients were screened for large alterations by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Following this strategy, seven different, potentially disease-causing mutations were detected in the five children with FH. Six of the alterations, five single-base substitutions and one dinucleotide deletion, have not previously been described. DGGE detected six of the mutations and SSCP the seventh.

U2 - 10.1007/BF00207370

DO - 10.1007/BF00207370

M3 - Article

VL - 96

SP - 147

EP - 150

JO - Human Genetics

JF - Human Genetics

SN - 1432-1203

IS - 2

ER -