An enzymatic method for the synthesis of mixed-acid phosphatidylcholine

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The enzymatic synthesis of PC with decanoic acid in the sn-1 and hexanoic acid in the sn-2 position is described. The procedure comprises the following enzymatic steps: (i) treatment of egg yolk with phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) to hydrolyze egg yolk PC to 1-acyl lysophosphaticlylcholine (LPC) (ii) esterification of I-acyl LPC with hexanoic acid catalyzed by PLA(2) to yield PC with hexanoic acid in the sn-2 position; (iii) removal of the FA in the sn-1 position by lipase-catalyzed ethanolysis to yield 2-hexanoyl LPC; and finally (iv) introduction of decanoic acid in this position by lipase-catalyzed esterification of 2-hexanoyl LPC to yield 1-decanoyl-2-hexanoyl-PC. Two egg yolks with a weight of 16 g were required to obtain 160 mg of the desired product. The chemical purity of the PC product and the positional purity of the FA were around 99%. The method is applicable for the synthesis of other mixed-acid PC species as well.


  • Dietlind Adlercreutz
  • Ernst Wehtje
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Industrial Biotechnology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-557
JournalJournal of the American Oil Chemists Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch