An experimental and kinetic modeling study on nitric oxide formation in premixed C3 alcohols flames

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study provides new quantitative NO concentrations measurements in n-propanol + air and i-propanol + air flames together with a new combustion kinetic model. The heat flux method was employed to stabilize propyl alcohols flames and the initial gas conditions were set to 323 K, 1 atm, and ϕ=0.7-1.4. Saturated laser-induced fluorescence was employed to measure NO concentration in the post-combustion region. The presented and literature models, namely the POLIMI and Bohon et al. (2018) kinetic mechanisms, were assessed against new experimental data. Experimental results showed a higher NO formation in the thermal zone for n-propanol flames, whereas i-propanol flames indicate a higher amount of NO formed at fuel-rich conditions. Overall among the tested models, the present mechanism exhibited the best agreement in emulating NO experimental profiles; conversely, numerical simulations from the POLIMI model showed significant inconsistencies at fuel-rich conditions and the Bohon et al. (2018) model was unable to reproduce the measured data, notably underpredicting experimental values at all investigated conditions. However, the present model manifested some uncertainties in reproducing NO formation in the prompt region; therefore, in connection with this important aspect, the new experimental data obtained in this work will provide a valid support to further develop more reliable kinetic models.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • I-Propanol, LIF, Modeling, N-Propanol, NO
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Early online date2020 Sep 16
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Sep 16
Publication categoryResearch