An Opportunistic Backoff Scheme for Dense IEEE 802.11 WLANs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


In dense deployments, the performance of IEEE 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) depends on the development of efficient contention resolution mechanisms since the collision probability can be high even with low number of users with the current 802.11 MAC mechanism. Also, the current 802.11 MAC is not opportunistic in the sense that it does not consider channel quality and traffic load of users, which can greatly degrade the network capacity. In this paper, we propose a new backoff scheme which performs well for dense networks resulting in low collision probability. Also, our backoff scheme opportunistically gives higher priority to users with high traffic load and better channel conditions, and thus reduces unnecessary contention. We analytically show that the performance of our backoff algorithm can be pushed to the maximum throughput in exchange for longer backoff delay, which is compensated with reduced number of collisions. We evaluate our algorithm in OMNeT++, and show that compared to the legacy 802.11 Distributed coordination Function (DCF) the aggregated network throughput can be increased up to 70\% by using our algorithm. Also, compared with legacy DCF, the maximum number of supportable users is much higher and the end-to-end delay performance is better with our backoff scheme for dense scenarios under the same traffic conditions.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Communication Systems
  • Telecommunications


  • IEEE 802.11, dense networks, opportunistic 802.11 DCF
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc. of the IEEE GLOBECOM'15 WS Enabling Technologies in Future Wireless Local Area Network (ETFWLALN)
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
EventIEEE Global Communication Conference (GLOBECOM), 2015 - San Diego, San Diego, California, United States
Duration: 2015 Dec 62015 Dec 10


ConferenceIEEE Global Communication Conference (GLOBECOM), 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, California

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