An updated checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents an updated checklist of the butterflies of Europe, together with their original name combinations, and their occurrence status in each European country. According to this checklist, 496 species of the superfamily Papilionoidea occur in Europe. Changes in comparison with the last version (2.6.2) of Fauna Europaea are discussed. Compared to that version, 16 species are new additions, either due to cryptic species most of which have been discovered by molecular methods (13 cases) or due to discoveries of Asian species on the eastern border of the European territory in the Ural mountains (three cases). On the other hand, nine species had to be removed from the list, because they either do not occur in Europe or lost their species status due to new evidence. In addition, three species names had to be changed and 30 species changed their combination due to new evidence on phylogenetic relationships. Furthermore, minor corrections were applied to some authors' names and years of publication. Finally, the name Polyommatusottomanus Lefèbvre, 1831, which is threatened by its senior synonym Lycaenalegeri Freyer, 1830, is declared a nomen protectum, thereby conserving its name in the current combination Lycaenaottomana.

Details

Authors
  • Martin Wiemers
  • Emilio Balletto
  • Vlad Dincă
  • Zdenek Faltynek Fric
  • Gerardo Lamas
  • Vladimir Lukhtanov
  • Miguel L Munguira
  • Chris A M van Swaay
  • Roger Vila
  • Albert Vliegenthart
  • Niklas Wahlberg
  • Rudi Verovnik
Organisations
External organisations
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • University of Turin
  • University of Oulu
  • Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (BC-CAS).
  • National University of San Marcos
  • Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Autonomous University of Madrid
  • Dutch Butterfly Conservation
  • Pompeu Fabra University
  • University of Ljubljana
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Systematics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-45
Number of pages37
JournalZooKeys
Volume811
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 31
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes