Analysis of a hybrid control scheme in the district heating system with distributed variable speed pumps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Compared with conventional central circulating pumps (CCCPs)in the district heating system (DHS), the DHS with distributed variable speed pumps (DVSPs)shows a great potential for energy saving. In this paper, a hybrid control scheme both using electric control valves (ECVs)and DVSPs is applied to the district heating system in Shenyang, China. This new hybrid control system results in reduction of the boiler outlet pressure from 1.27 MPa to 0.81 MPa, which ensures safe operation of the heating network. In addition, the hydraulic imbalance of the primary pipelines is effectively reduced by using the DVSPs. It is found that the relative error between the designed and the measured total flow rates is 7.71%. Results show that the annual average value of electricity consumption by using the DVSPs is 28.52% smaller than that in the CCCP system. Therefore, there is a great potential for building energy saving if the DVSPs are installed into the DHS. In order to evaluate the heating quantity and guide the optimal operation for the DHS, indoor temperature acquisition devices will be installed in the near future.


External organisations
  • Hebei University of Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Systems
  • Control Engineering


  • Distributed variable speed pump, District heating, Energy saving, Hybrid control, Intelligent heating
Original languageEnglish
Article number101591
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch