Analysis of glycosaminoglycan chains from different proteoglycan populations in human embryonic skin fibroblasts

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Abstract

1. The structure of chondroitin/dermatan and heparan-sulphate chains from various proteoglycan populations derived from cultured human skin fibroblasts have been examined. Confluent cell cultures were biosynthetically labelled with [3H]-glucosamine and 35SO4(2-), and proteoglycans were purified according to buoyant density, size and charge density [Schmidtchen, A., Carlstedt, I., Malmstrom, A. & Fransson, L.-A. (1990) Biochem. J. 265, 289-300]. Some proteoglycan fractions were further fractionated according to hydrophobicity on octyl-Sepharose in Triton X-100 gradients. The glycosaminoglycan chains, intact or degraded by chemical or enzymic methods were then analysed by gel chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B, Bio-Gel P-6, ion exchange HPLC and gel electrophoresis. 2. Three types of dermatan-sulphate chains were identified on the basis of disaccharide composition and chain length. They were derived from the large proteoglycan, two small proteoglycans and a cell-associated proteoglycan with core proteins of 90 kDa and 45 kDa. Intracellular, free dermatan-sulphate chains were very similar to those of the small proteoglycans. 3. Heparan-sulphate chains from different proteoglycans had, in spite of small but distinct differences in size, strikingly similar compositional features. They contained similar amounts of D-glucuronate, L-iduronate (with or without sulphate) and N-sulphate groups. They all displayed heparin-lyase-resistant domains with average molecular mass of 10-15 kDa. The heparan-sulphate chains from proteoglycans with 250-kDa and 350-kDa cores were the largest greater than 50 kDa), containing an average of four or five domains, in contrast to heparan-sulphate chains from the small heparan-sulphate proteoglycans which had average molecular mass of 45 kDa and consisted of three or four such domains. Free, cell-associated heparan-sulphate chains were heterogeneous in size (5-45 kDa). 4. These results suggest that the core protein may have important regulatory functions with regard to dermatan-sulphate synthesis. On the other hand, synthesis of heparan sulphate may be largely controlled by the cell that expresses a particular proteoglycan core protein.

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  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-546
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume208
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes