Analysis of RAMP3 gene polymorphism with body composition and bone density in young and elderly women

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim: The Receptor Activity Modifying Proteins (RAMPs) are a group of accessory proteins, of which there are three in humans, that interact with a number of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) and play various roles in regulation of endocrine signaling. Studies in RAMP3 knockout (KO) mice reveal an age related phenotype with altered metabolic regulation and high bone mass. To translate these findings into a clinically relevant perspective, we investigated the association between RAMP3 gene variants, body composition and bone phenotypes in two population-based cohorts of Swedish women. Methods: Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the vicinity of the RAMP3 gene were genotyped in the PEAK-25 cohort (n = 1061; 25 years) and OPRA (n = 1044; 75 years). Bone mineral density (BMD), fat mass and lean mass (total body; regional) were measured by DXA at baseline, 5 and 10 year follow-up. Results: BMD did not differ with RAMP3 genotype in either cohort, although fracture risk was increased in the elderly women (OR 2.695 [95% CI 1.514–4.801]). Fat mass tended to be higher with RAMP3 SNPs; although only in elderly women. In the young women, changes in BMI and fat mass between ages 25–35 differed by genotype (p = 0.001; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Variation in RAMP3 may contribute to age-related changes in body composition and risk of fracture.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Swedish Museum of Natural History
  • Amity University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • University of Sheffield
  • LCGC Life sciences Llp
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Genetics
  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • BMD, Fat, Fracture, RAMP3, SNP
Original languageEnglish
Article number100009
JournalGene: X
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes