Anatomy and taxonomy of cetrarioid lichens

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

The anatomy of the cetrarioid lichens (Parmeliaceae) has been studied, and the taxonomy revised. Special attention has been paid to reproductive structures, in particular the asci and pycnoconidia. Two types of asci are recognized. The Cetraria type is narrowly clavate, bears an amyloid ring structure in the tholus, and has a small axial body. The Lecanora type, specifically the Melanelia form, is characterized by its broad clavate form and broad axial body. Five main types of pycnoconidia are noted; bacillariform, bifusiform, citriform, filiform and sublageniform.

Six new genera are described: Arctocetraria Kärnefelt & Thell, Cetrariella Kärnefelt & Thell, Flavocetraria Kärnefelt & Thell, Kaernefeltia Thell & Goward, Nimisia Kärnefelt & Thell and Tuckneraria Randlane & Thell. Seven new species are presented: Allocetraria flavonigrescens Thell & Randlane, A. sinensis Gao, Cetraria peruviana Kärnefelt & Thell, Cetrariopsis laii Thell & Randlane, Cetreliopsis papuae Randlane & Saag, Nimisia fuegiae Kärnefelt & Thell and Tuckneraria ahtii Randlane & Saag.

Also described are two subspecies, Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa ssp. langtangii and Flavocetraria nivalis ssp. montana. The four species earlier included in the genus Coelocaulon Link. have now been transferred to Cetraria Ach. Several additional taxa have changed taxonomic levels, become a new genus possession, or have been synonymized with other taxa.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology

Keywords

  • taxonomi, chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants, phytogeography, morphology, taxonomy, Systematic botany, pycnoconidia, ascus structures, anatomy, Systematisk botanik, cetrarioid lichens, Ascomycotina, Parmeliaceae, morfologi, kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi (inte kärlväxter).
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date1996 Mar 8
Publisher
  • Systematic Botany
Print ISBNs91-628-1927-5
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 1996-03-08 Time: 10:15 Place: N/A External reviewer(s) Name: Lumbsch, Thorsten Title: Dr Affiliation: Germany ---