Angular-Domain Massive MIMO Detection: Algorithm, Implementation, and Design Tradeoffs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, the large size of channel state information (CSI) matrix significantly increases the computational complexity of uplink detection and size of required memory to store the channel data. To address these challenges, we propose to perform detection in the angular domain, where the channel information can be presented in a more condensed way. The underlying idea is to exploit the sparsity of massive MIMO channel in the angular domain to reduce the size of CSI matrix by selecting dominant beams. Then, an angular-domain linear detector followed by a non-linear post-processing scheme is proposed to perform detection using the reduced-size CSI. Evaluated using measured massive MIMO channels, our method results in 35%-73% reduction in complexity and required memory compared to traditional detectors while it achieves better performance. Moreover, this paper provides a framework, which trades between performance, complexity, and size of required memory. As a proof of concept, we implement the angular-domain detector in a 28 nm FD-SOI CMOS for a massive MIMO with 128 antennas communicating with up to 16 users. Synthesis result shows that our design attains a throughput of 2240 Mbps with an area of 829 k gates.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
  • Communication Systems
  • Signal Processing

Keywords

  • Massive MIMO Detection, 5G New Radio, Angular-domain Processing, CMOS Technology, Channel Sparsity, VLSI Implementation, Digital Baseband Processing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1948-1961
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Volume67
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 31
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes