Antibiotic treatment of pregnant non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice leads to altered gut microbiota and intestinal immunological changes in the offspring.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The intestinal microbiota is important for tolerance induction through mucosal immunological responses. The composition of the gut microbiota of an infant is affected by environmental factors like diet, disease and antibiotic treatment. However, already in utero these environmental factors can affect the immunological development of the fetus and influence the future gut microbiota of the infant. To investigate the effects of antibiotic treatment of pregnant mothers on the offspring's gut microbiome and diabetes development, we treated non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice with a cocktail of antibiotics during gestation and the composition of the gut microbiota, diabetes incidence and major gut-related T lymphocyte populations were investigated in the offspring. We observed a persistent reduction in the general diversity of the gut microbiota in the offspring from NOD mothers treated with antibiotics during gestation compared to offspring from control mothers. In addition, by clustering the present bacterial taxa with principal component analysis we found a differential clustering of gut microbiota in the offspring from NOD mothers treated with antibiotics during gestation compared to offspring from control mothers. Offspring from NOD mothers treated with antibiotics during gestation also showed some immunological alterations in the gut immune system, which could be related to the diversity of the gut microbiome and influence modulation of diabetes development at 20 weeks. Our data point out maternal derangement of the intestinal microbiota as a potential environmental risk factor for T1D development. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Details

Authors
  • Neivis Tormo-Badia
  • A Håkansson
  • K Vasudevan
  • G Molin
  • S Ahrné
  • Corrado Cilio
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-260
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume80
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Related research output

Neivis Tormo-Badia, 2014, Cellular Autoimmunity Unit. 109 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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