Anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis and bullous pemphigoid caused by distinct anti-alpha 3(IV)NC1 and anti-BP180 antibodies in a patient with Crohn's disease

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Abstract

Background: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis is a rare disease induced by antibodies directed against alpha3(IV)NC1, the Goodpasture antigen. We report a patient with Crohn's disease who developed anti-GBM nephritis and the skin blistering disorder bullous pemphigoid, owing to distinct autoantibodies. Methods: Frozen sections of skin and kidney biopsies were incubated with antisera specific for human IgG, IgA, IgM, fibrin, and C3. Reactivity of the patient's serum with GBM antigens was studied by Western blot using bovine solubilized type IV collagen and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using alpha1(IV), alpha3(IV), and alpha5(IV)NC1 recombinant proteins. Reactivity studies against skin antigens were done by Western blot using human keratinocyte and dermal extracts and three recombinant forms of the bullous pemphigoid antigen180 (BP180, also called BPAG2 or type XVII collagen). The patient's serum was affinity fractionated on a (IV)NC1 column, and the bound and unbound fractions were analyzed for their reactivity against GBM and skin antigens. Results: The patient had deposits of IgG along the GBM and the epidermal basement membrane zone. Circulating IgG antibodies against alpha3(IV)NC1 were detected. The patient's autoantibodies immunoblotted the intracellular domain but not the extracellular domain of BP180. Reactivity of the patient's IgG with BP180 was found only in the unbound fraction of the serum. Conclusion: The simultaneous development of a rare renal and skin autoimmune disorder, resulting from non-cross-reactive autoantibodies, suggests that a common triggering event could be responsible for the autoimmune injury. (C) 2002 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Urology and Nephrology

Keywords

  • BP180, crescentic, glomerulonephritis, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies, Crohn's colitis, goodpasture antigen, bullous pemphigoid (BP)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-654
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes