AP threshold elevation in the guinea pig following exposure to a broadband noise

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Abstract

Sixty guinea pigs were exposed to a steady-state broadband noise with a falling frequency spectrum. The sound-pressure level was varied between 96 and 117 dB SPL, and the duration of the exposure was varied from 3 to 12 h. After 4-5 weeks, the auditory thresholds were determined by electrocochleography at 14 frequencies, and the results were compared with a control group. With increasing sound-pressure level, the thresholds became elevated at all frequencies. The maximum threshold elevation also exhibited a slight shift toward higher frequencies. With increasing exposure time, the threshold elevations increased and shifted into the high-frequency region, whereas the low-frequency region was less affected. Linear regression analysis showed that the average threshold elevation between 1 and 20 kHz did not deviate from that predicted by the equal-energy hypothesis. However, the high-frequency loss at 5-20 kHz was very dependent on the exposure time, whereas the 1- to 4-kHz loss was not. There was no sign of any critical intensity with sudden increments in threshold elevation.

Details

Authors
  • Jan Grenner
  • Per Nilsson
  • Bharti Katbamna
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Otorhinolaryngology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2223-2228
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume86
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes