APPLICATION OF DIFFERENT HYDROLOGIC MODELS IN FLASH FLOODS SIMULATION

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

In recent years, the flash flood occurs frequently and intensively. It has become a world-wide focus in the field of disaster prevention and mitigation. The flash flood critical rainfall determination method, flash floods forecasting model and experience forecasting method are the most commonly used methods. This study focused on the application of hydrological models for flash floods simulation.
The research has adopted 7 flood forecasting models with different types and structures: topography-based API model, Xinanjiang Model, Xinanjiang Model with excess infiltration, Sacramento Model, IHACRES, BP-KNN Model and TOPKAPI. Every model will be applied in semi-humid and semi-arid watersheds Banqiao, Maduwang, Zhidan in China, which have high risk of flash floods. According to the characteristic of flash floods, a set of evaluation for the simulation results isput forward. The purpose is to find out one or several hydrological models fit for research area and to provide reference for future related research.
Combining with topography and runoff characteristics of each watershed, the paper collected and compared various simulation results of different models. Results indicated that models performed varies in semi-humid and semi-arid basins because of the complicated runoff mechanism in these areas. Among the conceptual hydrological models, Xinanjiang Model with excess infiltration performed better than the models with single runoff mechanism. TOPKAPI has a better simulation results than the lumped models topography-based API model and IHACRES. However, it has higher data requirements. BP-KNN model contains no physical mechanism and performed best in calibration period, but the accuracy falls greatly in validation period.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Hohai University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Water Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 10
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedNo
EventNORDIC WATER 2016 XXIX Nordic Hydrological Conference: THE ROLE OF HYDROLOGY TOWARDS WATER RESOURCES SUSTAINABILITY - Kaunas, Lithuania
Duration: 2016 Aug 82016 Aug 10

Conference

ConferenceNORDIC WATER 2016 XXIX Nordic Hydrological Conference
CountryLithuania
CityKaunas
Period2016/08/082016/08/10