Application of natural, social, and economical sustainability limitations to forest management, based on Swedish experiences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Abstract in Undetermined
We suggest a method of analyzing the sustainability conditions for forestry from three major realms: environmental, social, and economic. The tools and methods were tested at sites in Sweden. Assessments were made for the long-term sustainability concerning the impact of present management practices on the balances of nutrients in monocultures and mixed-species stands. In the economic assessments, both traditional terms but also costs and revenues from adaptation to defined biodiversity criteria and public service demands were accounted for. An alternative to traditional discounting was used for transferring monetary value over time, by introducing spruce pulp equivalent units. Several scenarios with unsustainable conditions could be identified as well as appropriate management measures that can be taken to correct the issue. Results showed that the changes in management methods needed are possible and feasible. No significant difference in the net profit from the Norway spruce monocultures and the deciduous-conifer mixed stands were found. An increased use of deep rooting tree species has the potential to increase the total sustainable harvest volume.


  • Harald Sverdrup
  • Ingrid Stjernquist
  • Gunnar Thelin
  • Johan Holmqvist
  • Patrik Wallman
  • Mats Svensson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-176
JournalJournal of Sustainable Forestry
Issue number2/3
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Chemistry (011001220), Plant Ecology and Systematics (Closed 2011) (011004000), LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies) (016508030), Environmental Strategy (016530100), Chemical Engineering (011001014)