Are covert verbal responses mediating false implicit memory?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the DRM paradigm, illusory memories of a nonpresented word can be induced by the presentation of strong associates to this word. In two experiments, we explored previous findings of false implicit memory of the nonpresented words (McDermott, 1997; McKone & Murphy, 2000). Experiment 1 extended the finding of false priming to the anagram task. Furthermore, participants attributed this "false" influence on performance to the difficulty of the anagrams and judged them as easier to solve for other students. In Experiment 2, articulatory suppression during the study of the associates resulted in nonsignificant levels of false priming, whereas the normal priming effect was in the same range as that observed in Experiment 1. The study replicates and extends findings of false implicit memory to the anagram task and suggests that future studies should examine the role of covert verbal responses in producing false implicit memory.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology

Keywords

  • illusion, human, female, article, Illusions, Human, Female, Adult, reaction time, memory, Memory, Vocabulary, adult, Male, Reaction Time, linguistics, male
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-729
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin & Review
Volume10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes