Are My Employees Able to and Do They Want to Work? The Baseline Investigation in a Follow up Study Regarding Managers’ Attitudes and Measures to Increase Employees’ Employability in an Extended Working Life

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


Background: The demographic change affects the retirement age, which has been postponed in many countries. Therefore, the number of senior employees is increasing in the world. However, managers’ attitudes towards their employees’ employability affect the employees’ possibilities regarding whether they can and want to work. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate managers’ attitudes towards their employees’ employability and what factors and measures that affect whether employees can and want to work in an extended working life. Method: The study population in this study consists of 249 municipality managers in Sweden, from a baseline investigation in a follow up study following the swAge-questionnaire. The data was analysed through the method of logistic regression. Results: 79% of the managers stated that their employees ‘can’ work and 58% that their employees ‘want to’ work until 65 years or older. Managers believed their employees’ health, physical work environment, skills and competence were associated to if they would be able to work until 65 years or older. Lack of support in the social work environment and lack of possibilities to arrange relocations if needed were associated to whether managers believed their employees want to work. Conclusions: The results indicate that the postponement the retirement age must be followed by measures in the employees’ work situation in order to decrease demands, increase rotation or change work tasks if needed, as well as increased possibilities to recuperate through reduced workload, reduced work pace and reduced working hours. The results will hopefully contribute to the understanding of needed organisational measures in the process of extending working life.


External organisations
  • Kristianstad University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Demography, Work environment, Employability, SwAge-model, Age management
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2021)
Subtitle of host publicationVolume II: Inclusive Design
EditorsNancy L. Black, W. Patrick Neumann, Ian Noy
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-74605-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-74604-9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May
Publication categoryResearch
EventThe 21st Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association: HFE (Human Factors and Ergonomics) in a connected world/L,ergonomie 4,0 - Online, Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 2021 Jun 142021 Jun 18
Conference number: 21

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
PublisherSpringer, Cham
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


ConferenceThe 21st Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association
Abbreviated titleIEA
Internet address