Aromatic polysulfone copolymers for gas separation membrane applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New polysulfone (PSF) copolymers from bis(4-fluorophenyl)sulfone and based on equimolar mixtures of the rigid/compact naphthalene moiety with bulky connectors from bisphenols: tetramethyl, hexafluoro, and tetramethyl hexafluoro, respectively, were synthesized to measure significant physical properties related to the gas separation field. The flexible and transparent polymer dense films TM-NPSF, HF-NPSF and TMHF-NPSF show high glass transition temperatures Tg congruent to 230 degrees C and high decomposition temperatures To congruent to 400 degrees C (10wt.% loss, in air). Free volume cavity sizes, as determined by PALS, are in the range of 94-139 angstrom(3). Their gas permeability and selectivity combinations of properties, measured at 35 degrees C and 2 atm, are very attractive since their selectivity for the pair of gases H-2/CH4,O-2/N-2, and CO2/CH4 are higher than those for commercial PSF membranes, having similar or superior permeability coefficients for the most permeable gases H-2, O-2, and CO2. Especially important is the tetramethyl naphthalene polysulfone TM-NPSF membrane which reports selectivities for H-2/CH4, O-2/N-2 and CO2/CH4 of 122, 7.6 and 38 with corresponding permeability coefficients (in Barters) of 17 for H-2, 1.2 for O-2, and 5.2 for CO2. These results are interpreted in terms of free volume size and glass transition temperature together with the respective contribution of gas solubility and diffusivity to the overall selectivity coefficients. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Details

Authors
  • C. Camacho-Zuniga
  • F. A. Ruiz-Trevino
  • S. Hernandez-Lopez
  • M. G. Zolotukhin
  • Frans Maurer
  • A. Gonzalez-Montiel
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Sciences

Keywords

  • volume, Free, Gas separation membranes, Polysulfone, Aromatic copolymers, Positron annihilation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume340
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)