Arterial remodeling and plasma volume expansion in caveolin-1 deficient mice.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Caveolin- 1 ( Cav- 1) is essential for the morphology of membrane caveolae and exerts a negative influence on a number of signaling systems, including nitric oxide ( NO) production and activity of the MAP kinase cascade. In the vascular system, ablation of caveolin- 1 may thus be expected to cause arterial dilatation and increased vessel wall mass ( remodeling). This was tested in Cav- 1 knockout ( KO) mice by a detailed morphometric and functional analysis of mesenteric resistance arteries, shown to lack caveolae. Quantitative morphometry revealed increased media thickness and media- to- lumen ratio in KO. Pressure- induced myogenic tone and flow- induced dilatation were decreased in KO arteries, but both were increased toward wild- type ( WT) levels following NO synthase ( NOS) inhibition. Isometric force recordings following NOS inhibition showed rightward shifts of passive and active length- force relationships in KO, and the force response to alpha 1- adrenergic stimulation was increased. In contrast, media thickness and force response of the aorta were unaltered in KO vs. WT, whereas lumen diameter was increased. Mean arterial blood pressure during isoflurane anesthesia was not different in KO vs. WT, but greater fluctuation in blood pressure over time was noted. Following NOS inhibition, fluctuations disappeared and pressure increased twice as much in KO ( 38 +/- 6%) compared with WT ( 17 +/- 3%). Tracer- dilution experiments showed increased plasma volume in KO. We conclude that NO affects blood pressure more in Cav- 1 KO than in WT mice and that restructuring of resistance vessels and an increased responsiveness to adrenergic stimulation compensate for a decreased tone in Cav- 1 KO mice.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physiology
  • Cancer and Oncology
  • Urology and Nephrology
  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R1222-R1231
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume293
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Infection Medicine (BMC) (013024020), Department of Nephrology (013230024), Vascular Physiology (013212034), Pathology, (Lund) (013030000)

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