Arterial Thrombosis in Factor V Leiden or Activated Protein C Resistance. Clinical and Experimental Studies.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Abstract
The last two decades has seen an avalanche of studies establishing Activated protein C (APC) resistance due to Factor V Leiden mutation as the most prevalent genetic risk factor, yet known, for venous thromboembolism. This has been documented in 20-60% of patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Whether such propensity also exists in arterial circulation is still controversial. The general aim of the present thesis is to clearify some of the controversies that cloud the impact of APC resistance or Factor V leiden mutation on arterial thrombosis.
Paper I showed a significantly high prevalence of APC resistance or factor V Leiden mutation in peripheral vascular patients compared to the control group (22.7% vs 12.2%).
In Paper II, association between early occlusions of vascular reconstructions and Factor V Leiden mutation was shown. At one month, there was a two-fold risk of occlusion of vascular reconstructions compared to non-carriers (14% vs 7%, p=0.02). At one year, the same tendency was noted although not significant (22% vs 12%).
Paper III, an experimental arterial thrombosis study with factor V Leiden mice, revealed increased thrombogenicity in mice with Factor V Leiden mutation and arterial injury. There was a significant relationship between time to occlusion (TTO) and genotype (p=0.002). TTO was highest in the wild type mice (TTO: homozygote <heterozygote <wild type; p <0.001).
Paper IV analyzing the mortality, amputation rate and inflammatory mediators in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients with Factor V Leiden did not find any significant difference in inflammatory mediators between critical limb ischemia patients with Factor V Leiden and non-carriers. There was neither a significant difference in the rate of amputation at one year nor mortality up to 10 years between CLI patients with FVL mutation and non-carriers.
Conlusions: Resistance to activated protein C or Factor V Leiden mutation is more prevalent in patients with peripheral vascular diseases than the general population, the risk for early occlusions of vascular reconstructions increases two-folds in FVL patients compared to non-carriers and FVL enhances arterial thrombosis development after vessel wall injury in experimental FVL mice. However, no difference in long-term (10 years) mortality or one-year amputation rate is seen between critical limb ischemia patients with FVL mutation and non-carriers.

Details

Authors
  • Ellis Sampram
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Activated protein c resistance, Factor V Leiden mutation, thrombophilia, hypercoagulable state, Factor V Leiden mice, arterial thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, peripheral vascular reconstructions, peripheral vascular reconstruction occlusion
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Award date2012 Nov 24
Publisher
  • Clinical Coagulation Research Unit, Clinical Science, Malmö.
Print ISBNs978-91-87189-42-5
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2012-11-24 Time: 09:00 Place: Waldenströmssalen, Jan Waldenströmsgatan 14, Skanes University Hospital, Malmö. Sweden External reviewer(s) Name: Lindahl, Tomas Title: Professor Affiliation: Linköping University Medical School ---

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Related research output

Ellis Sampram, Bengt Lindblad & Björn Dahlbäck, 1998, In : Journal of Vascular Surgery. 28, 4, p. 624-629

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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