Asceticism and Monasticism, I. Varieties of Eastern Monasticism

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


Recent research on early Eastern monasticism has shown that earlier images of a fairly uniform movement can no longer stand. The chapter reviews earlier scholarship and discusses various froms of monasticism in the East, both generally and in each region. Five distinct types are presented, the ascetic household, the itinerant preaching monks, the recluses or hermits, the groups of anchorites and the cenobites. The theological and social developments are discussed for each of the regions Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Asia Minor and Constantinople. Finally the impact of monasticism in the East during the fourth to sixth centuries, ecclesiastically as well as politically, is emphasised.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Religious Studies


  • apophthegmata, Pachomius, Evagrius, Euthymius, Sabas, Macarius, Alexander the Sleepless, Akoimetos, Nilus of Ancyra, Eutyches, John Chrysostom, lavra, monastery, Antony, monastic rules
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCambridge History of Christianity, vol II
EditorsWinrich Löhr, Augustine Casiday
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISBN (Print)9780521812443, 9781139054133
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Centre for Theology and Religious Studies (015017000)