Aspects of Sorption Processes in Thermosiphon and in Falling Film Arrangements

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)

Abstract

A study concerning closure relations pertinent to the design of sorption equipment of absorption heat pumps has been undertaken. Specifically, thermosiphon and vertical falling film arrangements were studied.

For the thermosiphon, experimental data on the void fraction, the friction and orifice pressure drops, and the heat transfer coefficient at sub-atmospheric pressures were obtained for vaporising water and vaporising water-sugar mixtures. Empirical correlations were produced for all quantities. Furthermore, a semi-theoretical model for the void fraction was derived; this model compared favourably to existing correlations. Sample thermosiphon calculations using a two-field two-phase flow model, including a heating condensate film, were performed.

For the falling film, a penetration-type of turbulence model was developed. Experimental data found in the open literature were used in the derivation. Absorption calculations then indicated that the model is appropriate for wavy-laminar flows, but not for turbulent flows. Falling film calculation results compared favourably to existing film thickness and heat transfer correlations.

Details

Authors
  • Henrik Kockum
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering

Keywords

  • mass transfer, turbulence, falling film, heat transfer, entropy generation, pressure drop, restriction, friction, void fraction, two-phase flow, thermosiphon, sorption, heat pump, model, Chemical technology and engineering, Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date1988 Sep 11
Publisher
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University
Print ISBNs91-628-3113-5
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 1988-09-11 Time: 10:15 Place: Lecture hall A, Chemical Center, Sölveg. 39, Lund, Sweden External reviewer(s) Name: Hewitt, G.F. Title: Prof. Affiliation: Imperial College, London, UK ---