Assays of the biological activities of guaiane sesquiterpenoids isolated from the fruit bodies of edible lactarius species

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Abstract

Three sesquiterpenoids that are found in the edible mushrooms Lactarius deliciosus, L. deterrimus and L. sanguifluus, have been assayed for biological activity. The compounds tested were a stearic acid ester of a sesquiterpene (I) and a sesquiterpene aldehyde (lactaroviolin, II) and alcohol (deterrol, III). The assays used were for mutagenic activity in the Ames Salmonella assay, for antimicrobial activity against bacterial fungi and algae, for cytotoxicity against Ehrlich ascitic tumour cells and L 1210 cells, and for phytotoxic activity against Lepidium sativum and Seteria italica. All three compounds showed weak mutagenic activity in the Ames assay. Two compounds (II and III) were found to have moderate cytotoxic activity and one (III) exhibited weak antibacterial activity. No compound revealed phytotoxic, algicidal or antifungal activity.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-397
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume27
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Dermatology and Venereology (Lund) (013006000), Organic chemistry (S/LTH) (011001240)