Assessing nature-based recreation to support urban green infrastructure planning in Trento (Italy)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Nature-based recreation is among the most relevant ecosystem services supplied by urban green infrastructure, affecting citizens' physical and mental wellbeing. Providing adequate green spaces for nature-based recreation is among the main goals of urban planning, but commonly-used indicators offer a partial view on the issue. Innovative methods and approaches, such as the ESTIMAP-recreation model, appear as promising ways to increase the quality of information available for decision-makers by considering both the range of green spaces that provide the service and the locally-specific demand. The article presents an application of the ESTIMAP-recreation model to the city of Trento (Italy), aimed at testing its adaptation to the local context and the potential improvements brought to urban planning. The comparison of the results with traditional indicators based on the availability and accessibility to urban parks shows significant differences in terms of priority of intervention across the city, with implications on planning decisions. The application demonstrates that innovative methods can enhance the understanding of nature-based recreation in cities beyond the focus on urban parks, revealing a wide portfolio of actions that planners can put in place to promote nature-based recreation through a multifunctional green infrastructure.


External organisations
  • University of Trento
  • European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra
Research areas and keywords


  • Ecosystem services, ESTIMAP, Green spaces, Nature-based recreation, Urban green infrastructure, Urban planning
Original languageEnglish
Article number112
Number of pages20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes