Assessment of capillary density in systemic sclerosis with three different capillaroscopic methods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives:
Capillary abnormalities, such as the enlargement and/or disappearance of capillary loops, occur early in the majority of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to compare three capillaroscopic methods of determining the capillary density in patients with SSc.

Methods:
Two of the three methods involved stereo-zoom microscopy at a magnification of 20 times, used either for direct counting, or with a camera and imaging software for determination of the capillary density on coded images. The third method was computerised nailfold video capillaroscopy with 300 x magnification using coded images. The capillary density (loops/mm) was determined on the fourth finger of the non-dominant hand with all three methods in 40 patients, 32 with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and 8 with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), and in 21 healthy control subjects.

Results:
The median values of capillary density assessed with the three methods were: 4.3, 5.4 and 6.1 loops/mm in lcSSc patients, 4.5, 5.0 and 6.3 loops/mm in dcSSc patients, and 7.0, 7.0 and 6.9 loops/mm in the controls. Capillary density was thus lower in lcSSc and dcSSc patients than in the controls according to all three methods. Agreement between the three methods was good in the controls. In patients, direct counting resulted in lower values than in the two computer-based methods.

Conclusion:
Assessment of capillary density with three different methods showed good agreement between methods. All methods could differentiate between SSc patients and controls.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Keywords

  • capillary microscopy, capillaroscopy, systemic sclerosis, capillary, density
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S50-S54
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes