Assessment of glioma viability by estimating 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative method to assess viable tumour based on post-operative 201Tl single photon emission tomography (SPET). We studied 15 patients with histologically defined highly malignant gliomas in the post-operative phase before initiation of adjuvant treatment. A 201Tl index was calculated in two ways: maximal counts versus mean counts within a region of interest (ROI). The tumour uptake volume (TUV) within the lesion was calculated from the number of voxels that had 201Tl uptake above a threshold calculated from the uptake on the contralateral side. The threshold was set at three levels: A = 1.4 times the mean 201Tl uptake in a three-dimensional reference ROI + 96.7% confidence interval (the TUV was corrected by subtraction of the volume in the reference ROI that had uptake above the threshold with compensation for unequal ROI sizes); B = 1.4 times the mean reference ROI + 99% confidence interval; and C = maximum 201Tl uptake in the reference ROI. The SPET results were compared with the tumour volumes calculated from CT scans. Thirteen tumours showed high post-operative 201Tl uptake. The 201Tl index was not significantly correlated with histological grade within the group of highly malignant gliomas. 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume method B was highly significantly correlated with CT estimated tumour volume. In conclusion, the measurement of post-operative 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume demonstrates metabolically active glioma tissue and is an alternative method for the monitoring of glioma treatment response.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-844
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Volume20
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes