Assessment of glioma viability by estimating 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume

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The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative method to assess viable tumour based on post-operative 201Tl single photon emission tomography (SPET). We studied 15 patients with histologically defined highly malignant gliomas in the post-operative phase before initiation of adjuvant treatment. A 201Tl index was calculated in two ways: maximal counts versus mean counts within a region of interest (ROI). The tumour uptake volume (TUV) within the lesion was calculated from the number of voxels that had 201Tl uptake above a threshold calculated from the uptake on the contralateral side. The threshold was set at three levels: A = 1.4 times the mean 201Tl uptake in a three-dimensional reference ROI + 96.7% confidence interval (the TUV was corrected by subtraction of the volume in the reference ROI that had uptake above the threshold with compensation for unequal ROI sizes); B = 1.4 times the mean reference ROI + 99% confidence interval; and C = maximum 201Tl uptake in the reference ROI. The SPET results were compared with the tumour volumes calculated from CT scans. Thirteen tumours showed high post-operative 201Tl uptake. The 201Tl index was not significantly correlated with histological grade within the group of highly malignant gliomas. 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume method B was highly significantly correlated with CT estimated tumour volume. In conclusion, the measurement of post-operative 201Tl SPET tumour uptake volume demonstrates metabolically active glioma tissue and is an alternative method for the monitoring of glioma treatment response.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-844
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch