Assessment of lactate production as a response to sustained intrapartum hypoxia in large-for-gestational-age newborns.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction Lactate concentration in umbilical cord blood is an important measure of intrapartum anaerobic metabolism. The aim of the study was to compare lactate production of large‐for‐gestational‐age (LGA) fetuses against appropriate‐for‐gestational‐age (AGA) fetuses during hypoxia, in diabetic and non‐diabetic mothers. Material and methods A total of 17 358 validated paired arterial and venous umbilical cord blood samples taken at birth with a full panel of pH, glucose, and lactate were analyzed relative to LGA (n = 2789) and AGA (n = 14 569). Umbilical cord blood acidemia (pH < mean minus 2 SD) was identified in 518 cases. Results Diabetes, but not acidemia, was more common among LGA (5.4%) than AGA cases (2.9%) (respectively P < .0001 and P < .69). At normal pH, glucose was lower in non‐diabetes LGA cases, but not in diabetes LGA compared with corresponding AGA cases (respectively P < .0001 and P < .067). Glucose levels were higher in all groups during acidemia (P ≤ .0005), with lower values in non‐diabetes LGA but not in diabetes LGA compared with corresponding AGA cases (respectively P = .005 and P < .58). At normal pH, lactate was lower in non‐diabetes LGA but not in diabetes LGA compared with corresponding AGA cases (respectively P < .0001 and P < .98); during acidemia, lactate levels were higher in all groups (P < .0001), resulting in no significant difference between LGA and AGA in diabetes as well as in non‐diabetes cases (respectively P = .29 and P < .084). Conclusions Considering cord acidemia a proxy for intrapartum hypoxia, LGA fetuses showed no impaired ability to produce lactate during hypoxia. Maternal diabetes did not hamper the ability of LGA fetuses to produce lactate during hypoxia.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1267-1273
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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