Assessment of p27 (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) genes in multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN1) syndrome patients without any detectable MEN1 gene mutations
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Germline mutations in the MEN1 gene predispose to the multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN1) syndrome; however, approximately 10-20% of patients with MEN1 do not have a detectable MEN1 mutation. A rat strain with multiple endocrine tumours, a phenotypic overlap of both MEN1 and MEN2, has been reported to have a homozygous germline p27 (CDKN1B) mutation. Recently, two MEN1 mutation-negative MEN1 syndrome patients have been identified to harbour a germline CDKN1B mutation. The recently identified gene AIP can also cause familial isolated pituitary adenoma, but no other specific tumour is associated with this syndrome. The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible contribution of CDKN1B and AIP germline mutations in a cohort of MEN1 mutation-negative MEN1 syndrome patients. Eighteen sporadic and three familial cases of MEN1 mutation-negative MEN1 syndrome were studied (18 pituitary adenomas, 12 hyperparathyroidism, 10 neuroendocrine tumours including 2 ACTH-secreting lesions and one adrenal nodular hyperplasia). Clinical data and genomic DNA were analysed for mutations in the CDKN1B and AIP genes. There were no mutations in the coding region or exon/intron junction of the CDKN1B and AIP genes in any patient. Although we have a limited number of patients in our cohort, our data is consistent with others in the literature suggesting that CDKN1B and AIP mutations are extremely rare in MEN1 syndrome. Our results suggest that mutations in the CDKN1B and AIP genes are relatively uncommon in MEN1 mutation-negative MEN1 syndrome patients.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2009|