Assessment of regional biomass as co-substrate in the anaerobic digestion of chicken manure: Impact of co-digestion with chicken processing waste, seagrass and Miscanthus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The biochemical methane potential (BMP) assays were used as a tool to investigate methane potential of chicken manure (CM) and three co-substrates (chicken processing waste, Miscanthus and seagrass) in mono-digestion and co-digestion studies for selecting regional biomass in a bid to support the expansion of a full-scale biogas plant. Two types of kinetic models (first order and modified Gompertz models) were also applied to study the kinetics of the degradation process. The results show that all feedstock were converted to methane. The experimental methane production of chicken processing waste (CPW) and CM decreased about 27–35% compared to calculated methane production. However, the methane production rate/hydrolysis rates of mono digestion of chicken processing waste and co-digestion with CM were above 2 times quicker under the inoculum to substrate (I/S) ratio of 6 than that at the I/S ratio of 2 and 4. Miscanthus co-digestion effect was influenced by its composition and seagrass (SG) showed synergetic effect evidenced by high methane yield (which was 11–34% higher than the yield achieved from calculated BMP).

Details

Authors
  • Chao LI
  • Sten Strömberg
  • Gangjin Liu
  • Nges Ivo Achu
  • Jing Liu
Organisations
External organisations
  • Bioprocess Control AB
  • Nova Skantek Environmental Technology (Beijing) Co.
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Renewable Bioenergy Research
  • Industrial Biotechnology

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion , Energy crops, Co-digestion, Chicken manure , Biochemical methane potential,
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume118
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 15
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes