Assessment of the quality of life (QoL) of patients with dermatitis and the impact of patch testing on QoL: A study of 519 patients diagnosed with dermatitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Dermatitis can impair the quality of life (QoL) of patients. Knowledge of the QoL-associated factors and the impact of patch testing on QoL is limited. Objectives: To identify demographic and clinical factors affecting QoL, and to measure the impact of patch testing on QoL of dermatitis patients. Methods: The data and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaires of 519 dermatitis patients were analyzed. Of these, 107 underwent patch testing and completed the questionnaires two times (once before testing and again 60 days afterward). Results: The overall mean (±standard deviation) DLQI was 9.5 (±6.4). Patients aged 20 to 59 years and those who had more frequent disease exacerbations demonstrated significantly higher DLQIs. For each DLQI question, being female and aged 20 to 59 years were associated with impairments of various aspects of life, whereas the anatomical site of dermatitis impacted each question differently. The DLQI scores of the patients undergoing patch testing decreased significantly, irrespective of whether the test results were positive or negative. Conclusions: Being of a working age and having more frequent disease exacerbations had negative QoL impacts. In addition, patch testing improved almost every aspect of the DLQI.

Details

Authors
  • Waranya Boonchai
  • Norramon Charoenpipatsin
  • Waranaree Winayanuwattikun
  • Sutasinee Phaitoonwattanakij
  • Thanisorn Sukakul
Organisations
External organisations
  • Mahidol University
  • Siriraj Hospital
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases

Keywords

  • allergic contact dermatitis, Dermatology Life Quality Index, eczema, facial dermatitis, generalized dermatitis, global assessment, hand dermatitis, patch test, quality of life
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume83
Issue number3
Early online date2020 Mar 24
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes