Association between right ventricular dysfunction and restrictive lung disease in childhood cancer survivors as measured by quantitative echocardiography

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Restrictive lung disease is a complication in childhood cancer survivors who received lung-toxic chemotherapy and/or thoracic radiation. Left ventricular dysfunction is documented in these survivors, but less is known about right ventricular (RV) function. Quantitative echocardiography may help detect subclinical RV dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess RV function quantitatively in childhood cancer survivors after lung-toxic therapy.

PROCEDURES: We identified records of 33 childhood cancer survivors who (1) were treated with lung-toxic therapy and/or radiation, (2) were cancer-free for ≥ one year after therapy, and (3) had pulmonary function tests and echocardiograms from their most recent follow-up visit.

RESULTS: Participants' mean age was 11.6 ± 4.5 years at cancer diagnosis and 23 ± 8.6 years at evaluation. The most common diagnosis was lymphoma/leukemia (n = 27). Twenty-nine subjects had anthracycline exposure. Eleven of the 33 subjects demonstrated restrictive pulmonary impairment (total lung capacity 3.69 ± 1.5 L [69.3 ± 22.4% predicted]). Among quantitative measures of RV function, isovolumetric acceleration (IVA), a measure of contractility, was significantly lower in the group with restrictive lung disease (2.42 ± 0.56 vs. 1.83 ± 0.78 m/sec(2); P < 0.05). There was a trend towards lower tissue Doppler derived S' and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion in the group with restrictive lung disease. Subjects with restrictive lung disease were found to have ≥ 2 abnormal parameters (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: IVA may detect early RV dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors with restrictive lung disease. Our findings require confirmation in a larger study population and validation by cardiac MRI.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • Yale University
Research areas and keywords

Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Echocardiography/methods, Female, Humans, Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging, Male, Myocardial Contraction, Neoplasms/mortality, Survivors, Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2059-64
JournalPediatric Blood & Cancer
Volume61
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes