Association between visual impairment and functional and morphological cerebral abnormalities in full-term children

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Association between visual impairment and functional and morphological cerebral abnormalities in full-term children. / Grönqvist, Sofia; Flodmark, Olof; Tornqvist, Kristina; Edlund, Göran; Hellström, Ann.

In: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, Vol. 79, No. 2, 2001, p. 140-146.

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Grönqvist, Sofia ; Flodmark, Olof ; Tornqvist, Kristina ; Edlund, Göran ; Hellström, Ann. / Association between visual impairment and functional and morphological cerebral abnormalities in full-term children. In: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica. 2001 ; Vol. 79, No. 2. pp. 140-146.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between visual impairment and functional and morphological cerebral abnormalities in full-term children

AU - Grönqvist, Sofia

AU - Flodmark, Olof

AU - Tornqvist, Kristina

AU - Edlund, Göran

AU - Hellström, Ann

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Purpose: To characterise the nature and degree of ocular disorders and cerebral morphological and functional abnormalities in a population-based group of visually impaired full-term pre-school children. Methods: Forty-five children who were born at full-term between 1989 and 1995 in Varmland, Sweden, were reported as being visually impaired. An ophthalmological examination was performed and clinical data regarding mental development and neurological disease were obtained for all children. Cerebral imaging was performed in 35 children, Results: Twenty-six per cent of the children were found to have ocular disorders only. Forty-two per cent had cerebral morphological abnormalities, verified by cerebral imaging, and 65% had signs of cerebral functional abnormalities. In total, 74% were found to have cerebral morphological and/or cerebral functional abnormalities. Conclusion: The majority of children with visual impairment, including children with ocular disorders, were found to have cerebral morphological and/or cerebral functional abnormalities. We suggest that any child with visual impairment should therefore undergo cerebral imaging and be examined by a paediatrician in order to establish the correct diagnosis.

AB - Purpose: To characterise the nature and degree of ocular disorders and cerebral morphological and functional abnormalities in a population-based group of visually impaired full-term pre-school children. Methods: Forty-five children who were born at full-term between 1989 and 1995 in Varmland, Sweden, were reported as being visually impaired. An ophthalmological examination was performed and clinical data regarding mental development and neurological disease were obtained for all children. Cerebral imaging was performed in 35 children, Results: Twenty-six per cent of the children were found to have ocular disorders only. Forty-two per cent had cerebral morphological abnormalities, verified by cerebral imaging, and 65% had signs of cerebral functional abnormalities. In total, 74% were found to have cerebral morphological and/or cerebral functional abnormalities. Conclusion: The majority of children with visual impairment, including children with ocular disorders, were found to have cerebral morphological and/or cerebral functional abnormalities. We suggest that any child with visual impairment should therefore undergo cerebral imaging and be examined by a paediatrician in order to establish the correct diagnosis.

KW - cerebral lesions

KW - full-term children

KW - ocular disorders

KW - visual impairment

U2 - 10.1034/j.1600-0420.2001.079002140.x

DO - 10.1034/j.1600-0420.2001.079002140.x

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 140

EP - 146

JO - Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica

SN - 1395-3907

IS - 2

ER -