Association of tapasin and COPI provides a mechanism for the retrograde transport of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules from the Golgi complex to the endoplasmic reticulum
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Tapasin is a subunit of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). It associates with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I. We show that tapasin interacts with beta- and gamma-subunits of COPI coatomer. COPI retrieves membrane proteins from the Golgi network back to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The COPI subunit-associated tapasin also interacts with MHC class I molecules suggesting that tapasin acts as the cargo receptor for packing MHC class I molecules as cargo proteins into COPI-coated vesicles. In tapasin mutant cells, neither TAP nor MHC class I are detected in association with the COPI coatomer. Interestingly, tapasin-associated MHC class I molecules are antigenic peptide-receptive and detected in both the ER and the Golgi. Our data suggest that tapasin is required for the COPI vesicle-mediated retrograde transport of immature MHC class I molecules from the Golgi network to the ER.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 May 24|