ASTROMETRIC EXOPLANET DETECTION WITH GAIA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We provide a revised assessment of the number of exoplanets that should be discovered by Gaia astrometry, extending previous studies to a broader range of spectral types, distances, and magnitudes. Our assessment is based on a large representative sample of host stars from the TRILEGAL Galaxy population synthesis model, recent estimates of the exoplanet frequency distributions as a function of stellar type, and detailed simulation of the Gaia observations using the updated instrument performance and scanning law. We use two approaches to estimate detectable planetary systems: one based on the signal-to-noise ratio of the astrometric signature per field crossing, easily reproducible and allowing comparisons with previous estimates, and a new and more robust metric based on orbit fitting to the simulated satellite data. With some plausible assumptions on planet occurrences, we find that some 21,000 (+/- 6000) high-mass (similar to 1-15M(J)) long-period planets should be discovered out to distances of similar to 500 pc for the nominal 5 yr mission (including at least 1000-1500 around M dwarfs out to 100 pc), rising to some 70,000 (+/- 20,000) for a 10 yr mission. We indicate some of the expected features of this exoplanet population, amongst them similar to 25-50 intermediate-period (P similar to 2-3 yr) transiting systems.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Princeton University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Keywords

  • astrometry, planets and satellites: general, space vehicles: instruments
Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume797
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes