Atmospheric Chemistry of Tetrahydrofuran, 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran, and 2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran: Kinetics of Reactions with Chlorine Atoms, OD Radicals, and Ozone

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Atmospheric Chemistry of Tetrahydrofuran, 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran, and 2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran

T2 - Kinetics of Reactions with Chlorine Atoms, OD Radicals, and Ozone

AU - Andersen, Christina

AU - Nielsen, Ole John

AU - Østerstrøm, Freja F.

AU - Ausmeel, Stina

AU - Nilsson, Elna J K

AU - Sulbaek Andersen, Mads P.

PY - 2016/9/22

Y1 - 2016/9/22

N2 - FTIR smog chamber techniques were used to study the kinetics of the gas-phase reactions of Cl atoms, OD radicals, and O3 with the five-membered ring-structured compounds tetrahydrofuran (C4H8O, THF), 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (CH3C4H7O, 2-MTHF), 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran ((CH3)2C4H5O, 2,5-DMTHF), and furan (C4H4O). The rate coefficients determined using relative rate methods were kTHF+Cl = (1.96 ± 0.24) × 10-10, kTHF+OD = (1.81 ± 0.27) × 10-11, kTHF+O3 = (6.41 ± 2.90) × 10-21, k2-MTHF+Cl = (2.65 ± 0.43) × 10-10, k2-MTHF+OD = (2.41 ± 0.51) × 10-11, k2-MTHF+O3 = (1.87 ± 0.82) × 10-20, k2,5-DMTHF+OD = (4.56 ± 0.68) × 10-11, k2,5-DMTHF+Cl = (2.84 ± 0.34) × 10-10, k2,5-DMTHF+O3 = (4.58 ± 2.18), kfuran+Cl = (2.39 ± 0.27) × 10-10, and kfuran+O3 = (2.60 ± 0.31) × 10-18 molecules cm-3 s-1. Rate coefficients of the reactions with ozone were also determined using the absolute rate method under pseudo-first-order conditions. OD radicals, in place of OH radicals, were produced from CD3ONO to avoid spectral overlap of isopropyl and methyl nitrite with the reactants. The kinetics of OD radical reactions are expected to resemble the kinetics of OH radical reactions, and the rate coefficients of the reactions with OD radicals were used to calculate the atmospheric lifetimes with respect to reactions with OH radicals. The lifetimes of THF, 2-MTHF, and 2,5-DMTHF are approximately 15, 12, and 6 h, respectively.

AB - FTIR smog chamber techniques were used to study the kinetics of the gas-phase reactions of Cl atoms, OD radicals, and O3 with the five-membered ring-structured compounds tetrahydrofuran (C4H8O, THF), 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (CH3C4H7O, 2-MTHF), 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran ((CH3)2C4H5O, 2,5-DMTHF), and furan (C4H4O). The rate coefficients determined using relative rate methods were kTHF+Cl = (1.96 ± 0.24) × 10-10, kTHF+OD = (1.81 ± 0.27) × 10-11, kTHF+O3 = (6.41 ± 2.90) × 10-21, k2-MTHF+Cl = (2.65 ± 0.43) × 10-10, k2-MTHF+OD = (2.41 ± 0.51) × 10-11, k2-MTHF+O3 = (1.87 ± 0.82) × 10-20, k2,5-DMTHF+OD = (4.56 ± 0.68) × 10-11, k2,5-DMTHF+Cl = (2.84 ± 0.34) × 10-10, k2,5-DMTHF+O3 = (4.58 ± 2.18), kfuran+Cl = (2.39 ± 0.27) × 10-10, and kfuran+O3 = (2.60 ± 0.31) × 10-18 molecules cm-3 s-1. Rate coefficients of the reactions with ozone were also determined using the absolute rate method under pseudo-first-order conditions. OD radicals, in place of OH radicals, were produced from CD3ONO to avoid spectral overlap of isopropyl and methyl nitrite with the reactants. The kinetics of OD radical reactions are expected to resemble the kinetics of OH radical reactions, and the rate coefficients of the reactions with OD radicals were used to calculate the atmospheric lifetimes with respect to reactions with OH radicals. The lifetimes of THF, 2-MTHF, and 2,5-DMTHF are approximately 15, 12, and 6 h, respectively.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988691023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acs.jpca.6b06618

DO - 10.1021/acs.jpca.6b06618

M3 - Article

VL - 120

SP - 7320

EP - 7326

JO - The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory

JF - The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory

SN - 1520-5215

IS - 37

ER -