Atom-solid binding energy shifts for K 2p and Rb 3d sublevels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Binding energy shifts between free and solid state atoms for K 2p and Rb 3d photolines have been determined by measuring the vapor and solid state spectra simultaneously in similar experimental conditions applying synchrotron radiation excited photoelectron spectroscopy. This method has the important benefit that the work function is not needed to correct for different reference energy levels, therefore much more accurate values for binding energy shifts are obtained. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • M. Holappa
  • S. Aksela
  • M. Patanen
  • Samuli Urpelainen
  • H. Aksela
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Natural Sciences
  • Physical Sciences


  • Alkali metals, Binding energy shift, Atom, Solid
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-374
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch