Atrial myocardial pathoelectrophysiology in adults with a secundum atrial septal defect is unaffected by closure of the defect. A study using high resolution signal-averaged orthogonal P-wave technique.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) the P-wave is prolonged as a marker of delayed atrial conduction which is associated with atrial fibrillation. The study aim was to analyse the impact of ASD closure in adults on P-wave duration and morphology by means of signal-averaged P-waves (PSA-ECG) and to investigate potential mechano-electrical interactions. METHODS: PSA-ECG was obtained before and 8+/-6 months after ASD closure in 35 adult patients (age 53+/-15 years). Heart chamber sizes and pulmonary artery pressure levels were assessed by echoDopplercardiography. RESULTS: P-wave duration and morphology did not change after ASD closure (148+/-16 vs 144+/-16 ms, P=0.07). P-wave duration did not relate to age at repair, preclosure atrial sizes or pulmonary artery pressure. Pre- or postclosure atrial fibrillation propensity was associated with longer P-wave duration both before and after ASD closure. CONCLUSION: Atrial conduction disturbances in middle-aged patients with ASD, manifested as a prolonged P-wave duration, do not change after ASD closure and are not related to the dilatation of the right and left atria. It is suggestive that atrial conduction disturbance associated with ASD develop early and early intervention is required to prevent the development of late atrial fibrillation.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • P-wave duration, Signal-averaged P-wave ECG, Atrial septal defect, Atrial fibrillation, Electric remodelling, Closure of atrial septal defect
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume132
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related research output

Ulf Thilén, 2009, Department of Cardiology, Clinical sciences, Lund University. 68 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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