Automated image-based assay for evaluation of HIV neutralization and cell-to-cell fusion inhibition

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Abstract

Background: Standardized techniques to detect HIV-neutralizing antibody responses are of great importance in the search for an HIV vaccine. Methods: Here, we present a high-throughput, high-content automated plaque reduction (APR) assay based on automated microscopy and image analysis that allows evaluation of neutralization and inhibition of cell-cell fusion within the same assay. Neutralization of virus particles is measured as a reduction in the number of fluorescent plaques, and inhibition of cell-cell fusion as a reduction in plaque area. Results: We found neutralization strength to be a significant factor in the ability of virus to form syncytia. Further, we introduce the inhibitory concentration of plaque area reduction (ICpar) as an additional measure of antiviral activity, i.e. fusion inhibition. Conclusions: We present an automated image based high-throughput, high-content HIV plaque reduction assay. This allows, for the first time, simultaneous evaluation of neutralization and inhibition of cell-cell fusion within the same assay, by quantifying the reduction in number of plaques and mean plaque area, respectively. Inhibition of cell-to-cell fusion requires higher quantities of inhibitory reagent than inhibition of virus neutralization.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine

Keywords

  • Automated plaque reduction assay (APR assay), Fluorescence, HIV, Neutralization, Fusion inhibition
Original languageEnglish
Article number472
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume14
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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