Automatic Tuning and Adaptation for PID Controllers: A Survey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


title = "Automatic Tuning and Adaptation for PID Controllers: A Survey",
abstract = "Adaptive techniques such as gain scheduling, automatic tuning and continuous adaptation have been used in industrial single-loop controllers for about ten years. This paper gives a survey of the different adaptive techniques, the underlying process models and control designs. An overview of industrial products is also presented, which includes a fairly detailed investigation of four different adaptive single-loop controllers.",
keywords = "Adaptive control, automatic tuning, gain scheduling, PID control.",
author = "{\AA}str{\"o}m, {Karl Johan} and Tore H{\"a}gglund and Hang, {Chang C.} and Ho, {Weng Kuen}",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1016/0967-0661(93)91394-C",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "699--714",
journal = "Control Engineering Practice",
issn = "0967-0661",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",