Azimuthally-differential pion femtoscopy relative to the third harmonic event plane in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76TeV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Azimuthally-differential femtoscopic measurements, being sensitive to spatio-temporal characteristics of the source as well as to the collective velocity fields at freeze out, provide very important information on the nature and dynamics of the system evolution. While the HBT radii oscillations relative to the second harmonic event plane measured recently reflect mostly the spatial geometry of the source, model studies have shown that the HBT radii oscillations relative to the third harmonic event plane are predominantly defined by the velocity fields. In this Letter, we present the first results on azimuthally-differential pion femtoscopy relative to the third harmonic event plane as a function of the pion pair transverse momentum kT for different collision centralities in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV. We find that the Rside and Rout radii, which characterize the pion source size in the directions perpendicular and parallel to the pion transverse momentum, oscillate in phase relative to the third harmonic event plane, similar to the results from 3+1D hydrodynamical calculations. The observed radii oscillations unambiguously signal a collective expansion and anisotropy in the velocity fields. A comparison of the measured radii oscillations with the Blast-Wave model calculations indicate that the initial state triangularity is washed-out at freeze out. © 2018 European Organization for Nuclear Research

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • Central China Normal University (CCNU)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Subatomic Physics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-331
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume785
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

Export Date: 9 October 2018