Balloon kyphoplasty in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure indicated for treatment of painful vertebral compression fractures. During BKP, cannulae are placed percutaneously into the vertebral body, allowing insertion of inflatable balloons. Inflating the balloons partially restores vertebral body height, compacts the bone and creates a cavity for placement of bone cement after balloon removal. Placement of the cement reduces and stabilizes the fracture. BKP differs from vertebroplasty in that it aims to restore vertebral height and reduce kyphotic deformity. Case reports and observational studies have consistently shown that BKP significantly reduces pain, increases mobility and functional capacity and improves quality of life for up to 3 years. Clinically significant adverse events have been rarely reported. These findings were confirmed in randomized and nonrandomized prospective controlled studies. The objective of this review is to describe the surgical procedures involved in BKP and to review the evidence supporting its use.

Details

Authors
  • Douglas Wardlaw
  • Jan Van Meirhaeghe
  • Jonas Ranstam
  • Leonard Bastian
  • Steven Boonen
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Equipment Engineering

Keywords

  • balloon kyphoplasty, instrumentation, minimally invasive surgery, osteoporosis, osteoporotic fracture, pain management, vertebral, compression fracture
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-436
JournalExpert Review of Medical Devices
Volume9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes