Barley Products of Different Fiber Composition Selectively Change Microbiota Composition in Rats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Scope: Several dietary fiber properties are suggested to be important for the profiling of the microbiota composition, but those characteristics are rather unclear. Whether different physico-chemical properties of barley dietary fiber influence the gut microbiota composition is investigated. Methods and results: Seven diets containing equal amounts of dietary fiber from barley malts, brewer's spent grain (BSG), and barley extracts, resulting in varying amounts of β-glucan, soluble arabinoxylan, and insoluble arabinoxylan in the diets were given to conventional rats. Malts increased microbiota alpha diversity more than BSG and the extracts. The intake of soluble arabinoxylan was related to Akkermansia and propionic acid formation in the cecum of rats, whereas β-glucan and/or insoluble arabinoxylan were attributed to some potentially butyrate-producing bacteria (e.g., Lactobacillus, Blautia, and Allobaculum). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a potential to stimulate butyrate- and propionate-producing bacteria in the cecum of rats with malt products of specific fiber properties. Moreover, BSG, a by product from beer production, added to malt can possibly be used to further modulate the microbiota composition, toward a higher butyric acid formation. A complex mixture of fiber as in the malts is of greater importance for microbiota diversity than purer fiber extracts.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Chalmers University of Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • arabinoxylan, barley malt, BSG, microbiota, β-glucan
Original languageEnglish
Article number1701023
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume62
Issue number19
Early online date2018 Jul 23
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes