Barriers to the use of electroconvulsive therapy in the elderly: a European survey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A postal survey was carried out to determine the clinical and legal guidelines governing the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the countries of the wider Europe. Respondents from 23 of the 33 countries returned completed questionnaires. Considerable variation was found in the availability of ECT, the frequency of its use and associated legal procedures. However, there was a broad consensus with regard to the clinical indications. Access to the treatment was most frequently limited by financial or other resource constraints, political or legal restrictions. (C) 2002 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychiatry
  • Geriatrics


  • aged, electroconvulsive therapy, Europe, survey
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Psychogeriatrics (013304000)