Baseline verbal fluency performance as predictor of state anxiety during a live hand-grenade throwing exercise - A prospective study of Swedish military conscripts

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T1 - Baseline verbal fluency performance as predictor of state anxiety during a live hand-grenade throwing exercise - A prospective study of Swedish military conscripts

AU - Lindén, Magnus

AU - Michel, Per-Olof

AU - Bäckström, Martin

AU - Johanson, Aki

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Background: We investigated whether individual differences in baseline executive control capacity could predict state anxiety during a potentially life-threatening situation. Methods: 19 Swedish military conscripts were assessed during two measurement occasions. During a baseline measurement, data regarding performance on a letter fluency task and state anxiety were assessed. During a second measurement, performed immediately prior to participation in a live hand-grenade throwing exercise, data regarding state anxiety was assessed. All participants were male, right-handed and had fulfilled 12 years of education. Results: The level of state anxiety was significantly increased between the two measurement occasions (p < .01). Both the number of words produced ( β = -.37; p < .05) and the number of perseveration made ( β = .43; p < .05) on the verbal fluency task predicted, while controlling for state anxiety at baseline, the level of experienced state anxiety during the threatening situation. Conclusion: Although more research is needed the present finding suggests that individualdifferences in executive control capacity might be related to emotion regulation ability during acute stressor exposure.

AB - Background: We investigated whether individual differences in baseline executive control capacity could predict state anxiety during a potentially life-threatening situation. Methods: 19 Swedish military conscripts were assessed during two measurement occasions. During a baseline measurement, data regarding performance on a letter fluency task and state anxiety were assessed. During a second measurement, performed immediately prior to participation in a live hand-grenade throwing exercise, data regarding state anxiety was assessed. All participants were male, right-handed and had fulfilled 12 years of education. Results: The level of state anxiety was significantly increased between the two measurement occasions (p < .01). Both the number of words produced ( β = -.37; p < .05) and the number of perseveration made ( β = .43; p < .05) on the verbal fluency task predicted, while controlling for state anxiety at baseline, the level of experienced state anxiety during the threatening situation. Conclusion: Although more research is needed the present finding suggests that individualdifferences in executive control capacity might be related to emotion regulation ability during acute stressor exposure.

KW - Executive control

KW - state anxiety

KW - prospective

KW - stress

U2 - 10.1186/1744-9081-3-39

DO - 10.1186/1744-9081-3-39

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Behavioral and Brain Functions

T2 - Behavioral and Brain Functions

JF - Behavioral and Brain Functions

SN - 1744-9081

IS - 39

ER -