B‐Cell Function and Islet Cell and Other Organ‐Specific Autoantibodies in Relatives to Insulin‐Dependent Diabetic Patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


ABSTRACT The pancreatic B‐cell function (glucose tolerance, C‐peptide release) and organ‐specific autoantibodies, including islet cell cytoplasmic and cell surface (mouse), were studied in 45 first‐degree relatives of patients with insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus diagnosed before the age of 30 years. Compared to 107 healthy persons without any family history of either insulin‐dependent or non‐insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus, the prevalence of autoantibodies was increased among the relatives. The prevalence of islet cell antibodies did not differ between relatives and controls and none of the individuals had complement‐fixing islet cell antibodies. There was no difference in glucose tolerance or C‐peptide release between relatives and controls, whether they had autoantibodies or not. At a three‐year follow‐up, none of the individuals had developed insulin‐dependent diabetes. 1983 Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine


  • G. Nordén
  • E. Jensen
  • I. Stilbo
  • G. F. Bottazzo
  • Lernmark
External organisations
  • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
  • Hagedorn Research Institute
  • Middlesex Hospital
Research areas and keywords


  • autoimmunity, glucose tolerance, insulin‐dependent diabetes, islet cell antibodies, islet cell surface antibodies, relatives
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalActa Medica Scandinavica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1983 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes