beta- and alpha-Cell Dysfunction in Subjects Developing Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcome of a 12-Year Prospective Study in Postmenopausal Caucasian Women

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE-This study assessed insulin and glucagon secretion in relation to insulin sensitivity in Caucasian women who develop impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) versus those who maintain normal glucose tolerance (NGT) over a 12-year period. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-At baseline and after 3, 8, and 12 years, glucose tolerance (75-g oral glucose tolerance test), insulin sensitivity (euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp), and insulin and glucagon secretion (2- to 5-min responses to 5 g arginine i.v. at fasting, 14 and >25 mmol/l glucose) were determined in 53 healthy Caucasian women (aged 58 years at. baseline) who all had NGT at baseline. RESULTS-During the 12-year period, 26 subjects developed IGT, whereas the remaining 27 subjects maintained NGT throughout the 12-year period. Subjects developing IGT had lower insulin sensitivity than those maintaining NGT in the tests preceding diagnosis of IGT (P <= 0.05). When judged in relation to insulin sensitivity, P-cell glucose sensitivity and maximal insulin secretion were lower in those who later developed IGT than in those maintaining NGT at all tests (P : 0.05). Furthermore, subject's who developed IGT had defective suppression of glucagon secretion by glucose in the test preceding diagnosis of IGT when they still had NGT (P : 0.05). CONCLUSIONS-beta- and alpha-cell dysfunction are evident several years before diagnosis of IGT, and islet dysfunction is manifeste as impaired glucose sensitivity of the beta- and (x-cells and reduced maximal insulin secretion. Diabetes 58:726-731, 2009

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  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-731
JournalDiabetes
Volume58
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes