Bile retinoids imprint intestinal CD103(+) dendritic cells with the ability to generate gut-tropic T cells.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Small intestinal lamina propria (SI-LP) CD103(+) dendritic cells (DCs) are imprinted with an ability to metabolize vitamin A (retinol), a property underlying their enhanced capacity to induce the gut-homing receptors CC chemokine receptor-9 and α4β7 on responding T cells. In this study, we demonstrate that imprinting of CD103(+) DCs is itself critically dependent on vitamin A and occurs locally within the small intestine (SI). The major vitamin A metabolite retinoic acid (RA) induced retinol-metabolizing activity in DCs both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a direct role for RA in this process. Consistent with this, SI-LP CD103(+) DCs constitutively received RA signals in vivo at significantly higher levels than did colonic CD103(+) DCs. Remarkably, SI CD103(+) DCs remained imprinted in mice depleted of dietary but not of systemic retinol. We found that bile contained high levels of retinol, induced RA receptor-dependent retinol-metabolizing activity in bone marrow-derived DCs, and imprinted these cells with the ability to generate gut-tropic T cells. Taken together, these results suggest a novel and unexpected role for bile in SI-LP CD103(+) DC imprinting.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication 2 February 2011. doi:10.1038/mi.2010.91.


External organisations
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-447
JournalMucosal Immunology
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Experimental Medical Science (013210000), Division of Nursing (Closed 2012) (013065000), Mucosal Immunology (013212072)

Related research output

Elin Jaensson Gyllenbäck, 2011, Section for Immunology, Lund University. 108 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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